Suture Tape Augmentation Improves the Biomechanical Performance of Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Grafts Used for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction (Nov 2021)

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the time-zero biomechanical properties (stiffness, displacement, and load at failure) of bone-patellar tendon-bone (BTB) grafts used for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with and without suture tape augmentation as a means to determine the potential clinical benefit of this technique.

Methods: Eight juvenile porcine knees underwent ACL reconstruction with a human cadaveric BTB graft (control). These were compared to 8 juvenile porcine knees that underwent ACL reconstruction with a BTB graft augmented with suture tape. All knees underwent biomechanical testing utilizing a dynamic tensile testing machine. Cyclic loading between 50-250N was performed for 500 cycles at 1 Hz to simulate in vivo ACL loads during the early rehabilitation phase. The grafts were displaced during load-at-failure tensile testing at 20 mm/min. Differences in graft displacement, stiffness, and load at failure for the control and suture tape augmented groups were compared with the Student t-test with a significance level of P < .05

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