Editorial Commentary: Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair or Reconstruction With Internal Bracing, for Properly Indicated Patients, Is Safe, Biocompatible, and Biomimetic

Abstract: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with internal bracing (IB)—and ACL repair with IB when indicated—reduces graft or repair failure. IB is safe and protects ligament reconstructions and repairs. The IB construct should not be misunderstood as a synthetic ligament. To be effective, suture tape must be independently secured with the knee in full extension, reflecting the terminal length of the ACL. Regardless of graft type, the graft must be cyclically tensioned independent of the IB to allow for creep, and when properly performed, this significantly increases the ultimate tensile strength of the construct and reduces graft elongation, without stress shielding. Thus, the generic term “suture augmentation” may be misleading because the successful results reported apply to the IB technique. In our experience, the failure rate after ACL reconstruction with IB is 1% at the 5-year follow-up period. Notably, these results were achieved without an additional lateral extra-articular procedure.

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